White Balance Read & Write

White Balance is used to create a photo with colors that are accurate to reality. Different sources of light will alter the color of the image. A variety of different tones are created by different lighting such as fluorescent lighting which gives a bluish tone to the photo and tungsten lights gives a yellow tone. When adjusting, warm colors would need to be colder and cold colors would need to be warmer. All cameras have different ways of adjusting, so you’ll need to know the fundamentals of your camera efficiently. There are multiple white balance settings which are listed below. You can alter the white balance by simply showing the camera what the color white is and then taking the photo, which will add contrast to the photo. In conclusion, different lightings require different white balances to adjust for the photo, and it is best choose the specific white balance setting instead of using auto.

  • Auto: The camera guesses on a shot by shot basis.
  • Tungsten: Usually used for indoors, and cools down the colors of the photo.
  • Fluorescent: Compensates for cool lighting and makes the colors warmer in the photo.
  • Daylight Sunny: Rarely seen in cameras since it’s basically just normal settings.
  • Cloudy: Slightly warms up the photo due to the dim colors.
  • Flash: Warms up the photo due to the use of flash.
  • Shade: Cooler colors are more apparent in shade so the camera warms up the photo.

Portrait Photography Tips

  • Avoid Open Shade
  • Create your own Shadows
  • Don’t light a model from below when using reflector
  • Consider the atmosphere around the subject
  • Use the position of the Sun to your advantage
  • Use the weather to your advantage
  • Know how to take pictures with the given/natural light you have
  • Shoot in RAW to make adjustments later on
  • In the middle of the day, shadows are more pronounced
  • Combining simple lamps with natural lighting can create a satisfying effect


AV, f/3.2, 1/400, ISO-1600
AV, f/3.2, 1/200, ISO-1600
AV, f/3.2, 1/250, ISO-1600
AV, f/3.2, 1/100, ISO-1600
AV, f/3.2, 1/100, ISO-1600
44 Outstanding Fine Art Portraiture Photos - ViewBug.com
Old, Nostalgia, Story, Elder, Historic, Scruff, Polite, Nice, Beard, Sad, Grim, Depressing, Gray, Hollow, Hobo, Homeless, Dirty, Male, Poverty, Man, Musty, Mustache, Santa Claus, Cold, Shivering, Stinky


This is my collage filled a variety of things; As you can see, I’m a very musical person. In the photograph, I’m the boy glowing white and the people surrounding me are my friends. Starting from the very left, we have Leslie, Issak (we call him harmfol), Me, Robert (we call him Bert), Sandra, and the person taking the picture is Roxana. I’ve known Sandra and Roxana since elementary school, Bert from middle school, Issak from when I was in freshman year, and Leslie was this year. I really value my friends a lot so photographs with them like this means a lot to me. (Also I look really cute in the photo)
All of these album covers you see above and below the photograph represents the range of music I enjoy listening to. Music really means a lot to me and was first introduced to me by my two sisters. The first genre I was introduced to was Indie folk, then Rap, and it all went uphill from there. At the top, we have album covers that represent the genre I was introduced to 4-5 years ago, I was introduced to the rap genre which is actually my oldest playlist on Spotify, created in 2017 with 250+ songs, the first ones being songs from the DAMN album by Kendrick Lamar. Next we have the indie genre, which I was introduced to 3-4 years ago. I forgot when I created an indie playlist, but I know the first indie song I listened to was Pope is a Rockstar by SALES. The albums below the picture represent my metal taste in music. I was introduced to it 1 year ago by the same sister who introduced me to rap and indie, and the first metal/rock songs I heard were Enter Sandman by Metallica, Don’t Fear the Reaper by Blue Oyster Cult, and In My Time of Dying by Led Zeppelin. From there, my taste expanded to the sub-genre called Nu Metal.
On the sides of the collage represent my hobbies/interests! The model of the instruments you see are the models I actually own. The first one we’ll talk about is the guitar, Epiphone Les Paul. I started playing guitar back when I was in 8th grade because I was just bored one day and my sister’s old guitar from when she was in high school (she’s 24 now) was sitting around collecting dust. The first song I learned was Youth by Daughter where my skills would slowly progress after that. Once we moved houses, my sister bought me the Epiphone Les Paul which made my skills sky rocket. During the time that I started playing electric guitar, I was getting into metal music which influenced the songs I played and what I wanted to learn. Now we’ll talk about the drums, which I got not too long ago, maybe two months ago? I’m not that skilled in the instrument yet since I’ve been focused on learning a guitar solo. however I do know two songs, Lovefool by No Vacation and the first minute and a half of My Own Summer (Shove it) by Deftones. And finally we have the bass which sits in my sister’s room instead of the guitar and drums which sit in my room. I believe she bought it not too long before I started playing guitar, and I know how to play Bang Bang Bang Bang by Sohodolls, Show me how by Men I trust, the riff to Special Affair by The Internet, and a song I used to know how to play which was Into the Void by Black Sabbath. The man in the bottom right is Wisdom Kaye, a tiktok fashion influencer that recently walked on a runway show. The placing of him there represents how much I love fashion which was influenced by my sisters. I love to steal their clothes because I’m not afraid to wear feminine clothing such as crop-tops. Finally, the red and black wavy background is from my favorite youtuber Pewdiepie, who I look up to greatly and has been my favorite youtuber for many years now. Thank you.


M, Ap. f/5.6, Shutter Speed 1/160, ISO-3200
M, Ap. f/9, Shutter Speed 1/30, ISO-3200
  1. I used evaluative metering in order to capture the frame along with the subject
  2. I believe my composition was pretty good. The frame is around the whole picture and there is central point of interest.
  3. As for my editing, I think I did a good job to make the first photo look vintage and old, while the second photo looks aggressive and demonic.
  4. What I’d do differently if I did this assignment again was have an inanimate object as a subject and make the subject a bit farther.
  5. No, I do not believe these photos are among the best out of all classes.

Action and Motion

TV, Shutter Speed 1/15, Ap. f/9, ISO 400
TV, Shutter Speed 1/15, Ap. f/7.1, ISO 400
TV, Shutter Speed 1/200, Ap. f/36, ISO 800
TV, Shutter Speed 1/200, Ap. f/32, ISO 800
I think that the Shutter Speed is 1/1000, F stop is f/1.4, ISO is 400, and Lens is 80mm
I think the shutter speed is 1 second or more, F stop is f/22, ISO is 200, and Lens is 16mm

Action and Motion Techniques

There’s a variety of techniques for action and motion, whether that be sharp or blurry. First of all, you need to have a fast shutter speed in order to capture sharper photos. The faster the subject, the faster the shutter speed should be. Using a lower shutter speed allows abstract techniques, but may require a tripod so the whole picture isn’t blurry. Due to the slow and fast shutter speeds you will use, you must compensate to prevent the picture from being too bright or too dark.; The faster the shutter speed, the darker your picture will be, the slower the shutter speed, the lighter your picture will be.
In the picture above, the photographer utilizes a slow shutter speed to capture the running river which makes it look silky and foggy. Slowing the shutter speed down and moving the camera with the subject can create a photo where the background is blurry and the subject is sharp. The position that you stand in during a sporting event can also hinder or help your photos, so make sure you find the sweet spot; It’s a good idea to be at a position where the players are coming towards you. Using a 70mm-200mm lens is also helpful, as it brings a better look at the subject.

Depth Of Field Explanation

Depth of field is a specific area of a photo that is clear and sharp. There are two types of depth of fields, shallow and deep. Shallow depth of field consists of a very blurry background with a clear foreground. Deep depth of field consists of everything in the photo being sharp and clear. Two aspects of the camera contribute what type of depth of field you’ll get which are the focal length and aperture. Obtaining a long focal length with a wide aperture will provide you with a shallow depth of field while a short focal length and small aperture will provide you with deep depth of field.

Read and write: File types

RAW: Raw files are exactly what they are, raw. The images are the most highest quality in can be and are lossless
DNG (Digital Negative): DNG is similar to RAW, however the image data is in a compatible, universal format. Their size is also 15-20% smaller without the loss of quality.

TIFF (Tagged Image File Format): TIFF is known for its flexibility with editing. Since it retains its information in layers, it makes it compatible with popular programs such as Photoshop, Lightroom, Illustrator, etc. Which makes it popular among graphic artists, photographers, and publishers.
GIF (Graphics Interchange Format): GIF’s are unique. It consists of a moving image but aren’t considered videos, which makes it great for graphics and visuals with animations. They are usually short and controversial due to its two different pronunciations, “jif” and “gif.”
PNG: PNG’s are usually known for their transparency options. It is popular amongst photo editors and graphic designers due to this feature, and is also easy to be shared on the web.
JPEG: JPEG’s are the most common file format in digital cameras. It contains an algorithm that removes the tiniest details in order to save space while still presenting a high quality image.

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